Preferred Stock

While most startups issue convertible notes or safes in seed financings, some issue preferred stock (which is standard for post-seed financings). Financings where the startup sells preferred stock are known as equity financings, since preferred stock is a form of equity.

Typically, startups create a new series of preferred stock for each equity financing. Startups issuing preferred stock in a seed financings will usually call the new series Series Seed or Series AA. These financings often use forms based on those used in post-seed financings, but that are specifically adapted for seed financings.

By convention, for post-seed investments, the series are designated by letters in alphabetical order. For example, the series created for the first post-seed financing is typically called Series A Preferred Stock. The series created for the next financing is usually called Series B Preferred Stock, and so on.

Additional Resources

Examples of forms used for seed equity financings:1

The National Venture Capital Association (NVCA) has example forms for post-seed equity financings. Historically, the NVCA forms have tended to be heavier and more investor-friendly than the norm in Silicon Valley.

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